Is féidir breathnú ar an Idirlíon rudaí mar éiceachóras, is féidir leis feistí iolracha a nascadh trí Bluetooth, Wifi, lora, agus líonra gan sreang zigbee, srl. I measc na bhfeistí coitianta tá braiteoirí teochta agus taise, 3-braiteoirí ais, braiteoirí rianaithe, agus mar sin de. Tá a sheoladh IP eisiach ag gach feiste le haghaidh aitheantais éasca. Tar éis nascadh le bainistíocht gléas, bailítear agus tarchuirtear líon mór sonraí go huathoibríoch gan idirghabháil dhaonna. Cabhraíonn sé leat monatóireacht a dhéanamh ar an am suas agus chun fadhbanna leis na gléasanna seo a réiteach. San Airteagal seo cuirfimid go domhain ar an sainmhíniú agus is féidir ábhair eile a chlúdach maidir le cianbhainistiú gléas IoT.
Conas a oibríonn cianbhainistiú gléas IoT?
Mar atá thíos tá nósanna imeachta bainistíochta gléas IoT:
Is é soláthar an chéad chéim i mbainistíocht feistí IoT, nuair is gá gléas cliste a nascadh leis an Idirlíon chun oibriú i gceart. Is é an chéim seo ná cuntas a chruthú den chéad uair, agus nasc líonra a bhunú.
Tá sé comhdhéanta de dhá chomhpháirt:
1. Críochnaigh an chéad nasc idir an réiteach IoT agus an gléas tríd an bhfeiste a chlárú.
Is féidir leat gléas amháin nó feistí iolracha a chlárú ag an am céanna. Devices can be grouped into groups, and then you can send commands to different devices at the same time. Mar shampla, when you have a sensor that tracks temperature over your time, you can register a sensor at a time. ach, if you’re going to manage an autonomous fleet, then you may need to register multiple sensors at once.
2. Configure the device according to the requirements of the specific solution.
Both processes involve customizing equipment. Configuration modifies the devices from its original, present settings to the Settings needed to integrate the device into your network. It can be configured at any time.
Céim 2：Identification authentication
Authentication is the process of identifying and registering devices when they enter IoT systems, effectively preventing intrusions and keeping proprietary information confidential. Chun fíordheimhniú a chumasú, ba cheart do riarthóirí socruithe slándála gléis agus líonra a shocrú chun iarrachtaí rochtana a údarú nó a bhlocáil. Cé go bhfuil an próiseas fíordheimhnithe le haghaidh feistí difriúil, tá teastas nó eochair dhifriúil ag gach feiste chun barántúlacht an aitheantais a fhíorú. Tá uimhir mhúnla agus sraithuimhir ar cheann de na dintiúir a úsáidtear chun céannacht a fhíorú.
Mar atá luaite againn thuas, Is bealach é bainistíocht cumraíochta IoT chun feidhmiúlacht feistí IoT a shaincheapadh. Tar éis an gléas nua a shuiteáil, tarlaíonn cumraíocht bhreise tar éis na céime cumraíochta tosaigh. Mar shampla, is féidir leat castacht agus faisnéis bhreise a chur leis an bhfeiste, a fheidhmiúlacht a bharrfheabhsú le cód breise, nó a socruithe a mhodhnú chun freastal ar riachtanais nua.
You should be able to control devices after they are provisioned, authenticated, configured, and connected to the network through devices. The behavior of the device is usually established during device distribution and authentication to automate the device process. Mar shampla, after activating sensors, gateway communications, frost fans, wake up and report behavior, administrators also should be capable of controlling Internet of things devices so that devices on the network can be tracked and managed.
Another key goals of remote IoT device management is remote management in IoT. This step supports a set of application goals such as:
- System metrics: The dashboards check the uptime of a device and other events accumulated and triggered.
- Queue data reporting: Gain critical insight into user-defined data points. These data points can include positioning, temperature and humidity, luas, and other measurements.
- Autonomic alerts¬ification: Establishes user-defined notifications for events to enable predictive maintenance and key decisions. To prevent serious system failures, data loss, or performance degradation, administrators need to be notified about changes on the network that may affect performance.
- Slándáil: One of the benefits of a highly integrated IoT device management platform likeMOKOSmart is to detect and remedy security vulnerabilities, such as changing device configuration, and provide system administrators with notification of these events.
After completing the process, the administrator can diagnose the entire device network and device health status. These processes enable administrators to perform diagnostics from the management platform without having to physically visit each device installation point, effectively and quickly troubleshoot and fix problems.
Céim 7：Software Maintenance&Updates
IoT devices require complex software-defined attributes to manage their security and functionality. IIoT devices can last a decade or more. Dá bhrí sin, to keep IoT devices operating optimally, administrators should be able to send firmware updates to enhance functionality to any devices across the network at any time. Several examples of software updates are listed below:
- Install manufacturer’s firmware updates to fix bugs and enhance features
- Deliver security patches to make sure security protection is up to date
- Bain úsáid as Python chun an cód le haghaidh feidhmiúlacht gléas a nuashonrú chun oiriúnú do riachtanais ghnó atá ag athrú
- Méadú ar mhinicíocht tuarascálacha stádais chun monatóireacht níos dlúithe a dhéanamh ar dhul chun cinn gléas, nó minicíocht na dtuairiscí a laghdú chun costais líonra a shábháil
Cén fáth a n-úsáideann cianbhainistiú Gléasanna IoT chun feistí IoT a bhainistiú
I measc réitigh Mokosmart tá an cumas imscaradh, bainistigh, agus do líonra gléas a bharrfheabhsú duit.
Is féidir leat cabhlach iomlán gléasanna a chuardach go tapa nó aon ghléas IoT a theastaíonn uait a úsáid le meascán tréithe ar nós stádas gléis a aimsiú, ID gléis, agus clóscríobh chun beart a dhéanamh nó chun fabhtcheartaithe a dhéanamh.
Nascann Idirlíon na Rudaí gléasanna iolracha, uaireanta na céadta nó na mílte acu. Remote IoT device management enables you to manage or update devices remotely and maintain the health of your device cluster. You can also remotely perform fleet wide operations such as restarts, security patches, and factory reboots.
Internet of Things devices such as routers and base stations risk being hacked. Dá bhrí sin, security updates are critical in protecting networks. With continuous monitoring, abnormal behavior in data traffic and any attempts to change the configuration are detected and an alarm device is triggered.
The ability to scale up a deployment depends on an organization’s ability to monitor and manage IoT device remotely through a central management interface or on-site mobile devices.
Organizations need tools to deploy software changes for optimizing data usage, saol ceallraí, and functionality for devices at the network’s edge.
The IoT device management platform helps developers minimize the time required for development and testing efforts
IoT device management detects device failures, which helps predict maintenance. This prevents minor incidents from becoming larger and requiring less maintenance time, which in turn leads to lower operating costs.
When do you need remote IoT device management
- If you have a large number of devices deployed, remote access to them can give you a quick snapshot of their health
- When your devices are deployed in places that are difficult to reach or physically dangerous, remote management devices are especially important. Mar shampla, IoT devices are deployed in urban intersections, buses, trains, wells, mines, traffic lights, bridges and dams, grain silos, manufacturing facilities, and other remote applications.
- Receiving alerts under certain circumstances is an essential function of the application, such as unexpected offline, overs-peed, low battery power and beyond the set safety parameters.
- Routine inspections are time-consuming and labor-intensive. With remote IoT monitoring, you can send people to the site only when you need them.
- You can also apply this solution when your device is installed in a mission-critical application to avoid downtime or failures that can cost you dearly.
Types of commonly used IoT devices
Common IoT devices include drivers, braiteoirí, and various smart connected objects. A connected entity can have dozens of sensors built into it to identify and react to the environment. A connected entity may have dozens of sensors built into it to identify and react to the environment. The sensor outputs information and exchanges data with other connected systems before sending a report back to the cloud.
- Braiteoir teochta
The industrial healthcare sector and cold-chain transport are particularly in need of such sensors to keep goods at a specific temperature.
- Humidity sensor
Humidity sensors can be used to calculate the amount of water vapor and water level in the atmosphere and are commonly deployed in heating systems, kitchen sewers, dams, and air conditioning.
- Méadair luasghéaraithe
Accelerometer is used to detect the rate of change in speed of objects relative to time. They are often used in intelligent pedometers and fleet monitoring. Freisin, they are widely used in anti-theft protection systems, which notify when a stationary object or person enters a room
- Energy monitoring sensor
Energy tracking sensors are mostly used in smart water meters, which save the time and effort of manual meter reading and improve accuracy.
- Lorgaire suíomh
Our daily life is now inseparable from rianú suímh córais. There are a variety of IoT-enabled location sensors on the market that you can apply to your cargo or the person you want to track. When multiple trackers are deployed, real-time visibility of all devices becomes particularly important.
Features of remote IoT device management
IoT remote monitoring systems require some features to provide you with a higher level of control over remote devices.
Instant alerts enable you to receive important changes about the state in time. Ní bhíonn brí le do chuid foláirimh ach amháin más féidir iad a dhíghníomhú nó a fhreagairt i gceart. Má thuairiscíonn an fógra fadhb nach féidir a réiteach go cianda, ba chóir go gcuirfeadh sé go leor eolais ar fáil ionas go mbeidh a fhios agat cad atá le déanamh ina dhiaidh sin. Ní mór na míreanna aníos seo a sheachadadh do dhaoine atá in ann beart a dhéanamh. Cur chuige eile is ea bainistíocht imeachtaí a dhéanamh. Nuair a fhéachann tú ar an bhunchúis foláirimh teip chriticiúil, beidh a fhios agat cad iad na fógraí eile is féidir a shocrú chun an fhadhb chéanna a chosc ó tharlú arís.
Bailiú éifeachtach sonraí
Seans go n-imlonnófar do ghléasanna IoT in áiteanna iargúlta, mar sin ní mór duit modh éifeachtach bailithe sonraí a bheith agat. Tá dhá mhodh tábhachtach ann chun sonraí a fháil: brú fógra nó vótaíocht. Le haghaidh córais monatóireachta IoT, d'fhéadfadh cur chuige bunaithe ar bhrú a bheith níos áisiúla, but trade-offs should be considered. These trade-offs usually include appropriate communication protocols. It is important to ensure that the protocols supported by your device have an efficient way to collect data. But it’s also necessary to use open protocols for ensuring interoperability across multiple devices.
Charts for trend analysis
The monitoring system can provide data for any defined period. ach, the raw information itself is not directly usable, but can help us grasp the information. ach, the raw information itself is not directly usable, but can help us grasp the information. It’s best to have a monitoring system that enable you to execute some type of query across a database and then visually display the data. There are many other types of visual representations of data while line graph is the best way to achieve what you want.
Cineálacha teicneolaíochtaí gan sreang chun feistí IoT a bhainistiú go cianda
Déantar IoT a bhainistiú trí fheistí a nascadh le líonra agus faisnéis a mhalartú agus sonraí a tharchur. Dá bhrí sin, ba cheart modhanna cuí cumarsáide Idirlíon na nEdtanna a roghnú agus an straitéis Idirlíon Rudaí á thosú. Seo a leanas roinnt modhanna cumarsáide a úsáidtear chun sonraí Internet of Things a tharchur.
Is líonra achair logánta é WiFi a mhalartaíonn sonraí le gléasanna leictreonacha nasctha. Mar gheall ar a aistriú sonraí tapa tá sé oiriúnach le haghaidh aistrithe comhad, ach ídíonn sé go leor cumhachta freisin. Tá teicneolaíocht wifi bunaithe ar chaighdeán IEEE 802.11n agus úsáidtear é go príomha i dtithe agus i bhfiontair, ag soláthar raon de na céadta Meigeavata in aghaidh an tsoicind.
Bluetooth technology is an important Internet of Things protocol that is very suitable for mobile devices and is widely used for near field communication. It is suitable for sending small pieces of data to personal products such as smartwatches or sensors. It consumes relatively little power and has the potential to be scaled up to all markets for innovation.
LoRaWan, short for Long Range Wide Area Network, is an Internet of Things device used for remote wireless batteries and one of the most popular Internet of Things communication methods, known for Long distance interaction with very low power consumption. Freisin, it can also detect signals below the noise level. It’s common in smart cities that connect millions of devices.
NFC is a wireless technology designed for short distances, suas go 10 ceintiméadar. It works by using electromagnetic induction between two coil antennas near an electromagnetic field. Customers can use NFC for instant file transfer and non-contact payments. As a short distance communication protocol, the power consumption is low.
ZigBee is also a short-range wireless Internet of Things device communication protocol based on IEEE 802.15.4 caighdeánach. The operating frequency is 2.4GHz and the data rate is 250kbps. The advantages are low power consumption, slándáil, persistence, scalability and high number of nodes. ZigBee can transmit data over distances of up to 200 meters and has up to 1024 nodes in a network.
RFID utilizes electromagnetic fields for identifying and tracking tag attached to object. The device captures data from the tag and send it to the database.
Z-wave is a wireless low power RF communication technology. Suitable for home automation products such as lamp controllers and sensors. With mesh network topology, suas go 232 devices can be controlled and communication distance can reach 40 méadar.
SigFox aims to reduce the cost of wide-area coverage in application domains. It allows any communication requiring minimal power consumption, based on two-way functionality, for consumer goods, miondíola, iompar, and energy related communications.
MQTT is a lightweight protocol for delivering data flows from sensors to applications and middleware. It sits at the top of the TCP/IP layer and consists of 3 comhpháirteanna: broker, subscriber and publisher. Publishers collect data and transmit it to subscribers. The broker tests publishers and subscribers to check their authorization.
MQTT provides three patterns for achieving quality of service:
- QoS0 sends at most once: the least reliable, ach modh is tapúla. Seoladh foilseacháin ach ní bhfuarthas aon deimhniú
- Seol QoS1 uair amháin ar a laghad: Is féidir teachtaireacht a sheoladh uair amháin ar a laghad, ach seans go bhfaighfear teachtaireachtaí dúblacha fós
- Seolann QoS2 uair amháin go díreach: is é an patrún is iontaofa é, ach is é an patrún bandaleithead is déine é freisin a éilíonn cóip rialaithe chun a chinntiú nach seolfar an teachtaireacht ach uair amháin.
Is prótacal suibscríbhinne agus foilsitheoireachta caighdeánach oscailte é AMQP ón tionscal airgeadais. Soláthraíonn sé síntiús asincrónach nó cumarsáid foilseacháin trí theachtaireachtaí. Cinntíonn an fheidhm stórála agus seolta ar aghaidh iontaofacht fiú nuair a chuirtear isteach ar an líonra. Is dócha gurb é AMQP an t-aon phrótacal inmharthana d’fheidhmchláir cheann go ceann in Idirlíon na Rudaí, a úsáidtear go minic in innealra tionscail trom nó córais SCADA.
The Data Distribution Service protocol is designed specifically for real-time communication, reliable, scalable and high-performance data exchange between connected devices independent of software and hardware platforms. It supports architectures with fewer multicast and agents to ensure high-quality QoS and interoperability. It can be used for industrial IoT deployment, including high-tech services such as self-driving cars, smart grid management, air traffic control and robotics.
LwM2M is a lightweight M2M designed to meet the needs of processing resource-constrained devices. It defines many IoT device management functions, such as remote device operation connection management and monitoring, as well as firmware and software updates.
OCPP is a protocol that enable EV charging systems to communicate with a central management system. It is used to transmit a 24-hour forecast of local available capacity to the charging point operator.
Expectations for IoT solutions growth
For companies offering devices for the Internet of Things, the future looks promising. According to the survey, global investment in IoT technology in 2020 is estimated to be $749 billiún. Investment was lower than initially expected, but still significantly higher than the previous year, due to the global pandemic of COVID-19. Spending in 2023 is expected to exceed $1.1 trilliún.
The growth of devices connected to the Internet of Things is a global phenomenon, currently led by investment in the Asia-Pacific region. Other major investors are Europe, the Middle East, Africa and North America. As more and more enterprises adopt IoT systems suitable for their industry to remotely manage devices.
Remote IoT device management platform
You can find cloud platforms for various IoT solutions in the market; There are three most popular solutions that can be applied to many industries. Mokosmart’s solutions can also be applied to the following three solutions to ensure that your solutions are performance assured and industry-leading.
Cloud services and device software are provided by AWS IoT for connecting your IoT devices to other devices and integrate them into AWS IoT solutions. Protocols as below can be provided:
- MQTT over WSS
AWS IoT is a cloud platform that provides services for multiple security mechanisms, mar shampla, encryption and access control of data collected by devices, as well as services for configuration monitoring and auditing, through open edge and scalable security to cloud IoT solutions.
Google Cloud IoT
Google Cloud IoT platform lets you unlock insights into the global network of devices. Its fully managed interactions enable you to connect, anailís a dhéanamh, and store data in the cloud or edge. You can leverage the strengths of Google’s Cloud IoT building blocks to get value from device data from data ingestion to intelligence. With this platform, the need of maintenance and optimization of its performance can be detected in real time.
Let MOKOSmart manage your IoT devices
If you’re planning the Internet of things project, or would like to upgrade the deployed equipment network, remote IoT device management is essential for your solution. The function of the equipment management platform can save time to reduce costs To improve security, and to provide you with the key of monitoring and management tools, to keep your device online Updated and optimized to meet your specific application needs all of these benefits will give you the best ROI on your investment.