拆解工业物联网: 传感器和连接如何提高效率

目录
工业物联网: 传感器和连接如何提高效率

工业物联网不仅仅是一个流行词, 在第四次工业革命中,互联互通和数据驱动的创新占据主导地位, 工业物联网占据中心舞台. 它涉及利用联网传感器, 设备, and machines to optimize operational processes for industrial companies.

Grand View Research predicts a potential CAGR of 23.2% for the Industrial IoT market from 2023 至 2030, with a projected size exceeding $1,693.30 十亿 2030. This robust forecast explains why IIoT adoption saw record growth in 2023, despite a turbulent economy. Most industry 4.0 transformations now involve smart factories with connected equipment and integrated data analytics. This guide will get you up to speed on the current state of IIoT, real-world applications, benefits for enterprises and everything in between. Let’s get started!

What is Industrial IoT or IIoT

简单的说, IIoT introduces internet-like connectivity to machines on factory shop floors, vehicles in transportation yards and technology in other industrial sites to unlock data-driven efficiencies. The core principle that enables Industrial IoT connectivity is – what can be measured and monitored can be optimized. IIoT integrates sensors and connectivity and applies them directly to industrial assets such as machinery, fleet vehicles and employee tools.

Imagine a world where machines can communicate seamlessly and the mass volumes of machine data can turn into informed business insights regarding production quality, equipment health, supply chain visibility and more. 在本质上, Industrial IoT removes blindspots and makes the physical world’s data accessible for smarter industrial automation.

How does Industrial IoT work

An IIoT ecosystem relies on sensors, 连接性, data processing and analytics working in tandem across three levels:

Edge Layer: Consists of mechanical equipment outfitted with Industrial IoT sensors plus hardware like IoT gateways which aggregate and process data flows from industrial assets before transmission via corporate networks or public clouds.

Platform Layer: Centralized computing infrastructure for receiving, storing and analyzing vast data volumes from industrial sites. On-premise servers or cloud-hosted IoT platforms offer capabilities for managing connected devices plus tools to build custom applications. Enable secure data integration with legacy enterprise systems like ERPs as well.

Application Layer: Refers to the use case-specific IIoT software which presents captured IoT data via dashboards and visualizations. Line operators and facility managers leverage these applications to track overall equipment effectiveness, supply chain movements or other business priorities.

Within an overarching Industrial IoT architecture, you will find common supporting communication systems like LPWAN (low-powered wide area networksthink NB-IoT or LoRaWAN) or WiFi which offer expanded wireless coverage across large physical footprints containing heavy machinery.

Key technologies in IIoT architecture

As IIoT deployments become more varied and complex, the enabling technology mix continues to evolve as well. Here are some core pieces you will find in a modern IIoT technology stack:

  • 传感器: Sensors connected to industrial assets like motors, compressors and production lines feed IoT connectivity modules with real-time data. These include temperature, 压力, 湿度, 振动, voltage etc. which capture different equipment telemetry readings frequently and reliably.
  • Connectivity Protocols: IT infrastructure for seamless communication between sensors, gateways and platform/application layers via standards like Wi-Fi, 5G, 低功耗蓝牙 (低能量) 等等. LPWAN technologies cover the long range and low power requirements of some implementations.
  • Cloud and Compute Infrastructure: Leveraging IaaS from Azure, AWS or hybrid models to quickly scalehosted storage, processing and analytical capacities.
  • Analytics and Artificial Intelligence: Insights extraction via statistical modeling, machine learning and AI to guide predictive failure analysis, dynamic scheduling, targeted campaign management etc.

一起, these core information technologies form the nuts and bolts for complete IoT enablement across smart factories, connected products and automated supply chains.

What can IIoT do? Top use cases and applications

Across manufacturing, 运输, utilities and other industrial sectors, Industrial IoT applications are improving safety, increasing efficiency and even creating new revenue streams. Here are some of the most valuable use cases:

预测性维护

Early alerting to equipment failures based on IoT telemetry saves millions annually from avoiding downtime. Think smart pumps in refineries or networked CNC machines in manufacturing plants.

资产追踪

Knowing the real-time location and status of capital equipment, fleet vehicles and cargo leads to increased utilization and process improvements.

Supply Chain Tracking

Connected logistics boosts freight journey visibility plus asset use while minimizing waste, theft etc.

Workforce Safety

Wearables for industrial personnel help enforce worker safety policies by monitoring environmental risks or lack of adequate training in equipment operations via integrated platforms.

能源管理

For utilities and high energy-use facilities like refineries, IIoT enables monitoring usage patterns to reduce waste and improve sustainability.

自动化 & 机器人技术

Insights from IIoT data helps optimize supply chains, warehouse logistics and shopfloor production via smart machines programmed using that intelligence.

Most Industrial IoT solutions focused on effectiveness gains around high value assets while some drove operational efficiency across supply chains. The benefits covered next underline the purely commercial logic behind rapid IIoT adoption by leading enterprises.

Benefits of adopting Industrial IoT monitoring

While exact statistics vary across sources, early IIoT adopters in industries like manufacturing, logistics and utilities seem to benefit in a few key areas:

Improved Uptime: Some sources estimate even 1-2% better asset availability from predictive alerts can save millions annually for heavy industry operators by reducing failures and downtime. The gains keep adding up across all heavy machinery investments in mining, oil & 气体, aviation and utilities monitored by IIoT programs.

Higher Efficiency: Granular operational visibility unlocks potential labor cost savings in the single digit percentages in some cases according to preliminary data. Productivity gains from automating manual reporting also likely add efficiency.

Better Flexibility: Dynamic adaptation to fluctuations via IIoT data helps firms handle uncertainty better. The technology seems poised to help with demand forecasting and capacity adjustments.

Enhanced Safety: Early applications of IIoT for worker safety such as gas detection and lone worker monitoring show promise in reducing workplace incident rates, as per industry body estimates.

Clearly for industrial companies, connecting existing investments in mechanical assets simply makes commercial sense given the various pathways for extracting value from resulting data flows.

行业 4.0 vs IIoT vs IoT – whats the Difference?

Considering the exploding popularity of connected solutions, you will often come across several technology terms used rather interchangeably. But some definite distinctions exist between IoT, IIoT and Industry 4.0 which are useful to highlight:

IoT refers broadly to a lot of consumer focused efforts like wearables, smart home appliances, connected vehicles etc leveraging embedded sensors plus internet connectivity.

IIoT deals with adapting similar information technologies specifically to unlock efficiencies plus optimize process reliability surrounding heavy industrial assets mentioned earlierthink drilling equipment on oil fields or factory shop floor machinery.

行业 4.0 represents the ongoing digital transformation for the manufacturing sectorbut fueled by underlying IIoT building blocks like equipment sensors and analytics around production line data.

所以总结一下:

IoT is the mega-trend umbrella

IIoT focuses IoT components into industrial use cases like predictive maintenance

行业 4.0 centers on the manufacturing sub-sector evolution via IIoT-enabled smart factories and connected processes

Challenges in implementing IIoT

As promising as IIoT sounds, widescale adoption still faces technology and organizational roadblocks like:

  • Operational Technology (OT) teams find it hard keeping complex legacy equipment compatible with IoT upgrades or detecting false alerts from sensor readings. Close cross-department collaboration is vital.
  • Concerns around insider risks, weak authentication standards or unencrypted data flows stymie cloud migrations critical for analytics consolidation via enterprise IT involvement. Regulatory requirements add complications for IIoT data management as well.
  • Certain specialized verticals like pharmaceutical equipment lag in defining IIoT hardware and communication standards universally. The lack of an integrated framework drives complexity and cost.
  • Insufficient in-house expertise around data science or full tech stack capabilities slow progress or inflate consulting dependencies. Resolving the skill gaps remains an ongoing challenge.

How MOKO helps with Industrial IoT adoption

Many companies struggle to progress from IIoT proofs of concept to full-scale operationalization due to some technology and other barriers. This is where an experienced industrial IoT device manufacturer like MOKO comes in.

随着结束 200+ IoT products including various IIoT Bluetooth asset beacons, MOKO brings an agile deployment approach centered around your use cases not just device enablement. Our certified engineers implement sensor instrumentation and communications hardware fully tailored to uncover productivity potential or cost savings specific to your applications. We make the path to digitizing your assets and operations smoother.

Getting started with Industrial IoT solutions

While returns from IIoT adoption speak for themselves, careful planning and disciplined execution is vital in the initial stages when laying the technology foundations within existing industrial environments.

Here are best practice steps to follow:

  1. Identify Pain Points: Map current operational challenges like recurrent downtimes, supply bottlenecks etc. affecting budget to clearly outline what IIoT investment aims to improve.
  2. Quantify Potential Impact: Build projections around possible efficiency gains or cost savings from addressing the priority pain points via discussed IIoT use cases.
  3. Start Small, Scale Well: Keep initial scope limited to high impact equipment or workflows rather than complex whole site instrumentation for smooth pilot testing before enterprise-level expansion. Consider cloud-based trials first.
  4. Monitor Technology Fit: Confirm sensor readings accurately reflect equipment states or operating conditions. 相似地, verify data flows reliably aggregate on platforms to feed analytics and applications.
  5. Drive Adoption via Early Results: Showcasing quick operational wins develops stakeholder confidence for securing sustained investments needed to uncover IIoT’s full, long-term potential.

While navigating the shifts needed in connecting legacy physical infrastructure with modern digital platforms, experienced Industrial IoT hardware partners like MOKO help industrial solution operators accelerate time-to-value.

CONTINUE READING ABOUT INDUSTRIAL IOT

作者——
何尼克
何尼克
缺口, 我们 R 中经验丰富的项目经理&D部门, 为MOKOSMART带来丰富的经验, 曾担任比亚迪项目工程师. 他在 R 方面的专业知识&D 为他的物联网项目管理带来了全面的技能. 有着扎实的背景跨越 6 多年项目管理经验并获得 PMP 和 CSPM-2 等认证, 尼克擅长协调销售工作, 工程, 测试, 和营销团队. 参与过的物联网设备项目包括Beacons, LoRa设备, 网关, 和智能插头.
何尼克
何尼克
缺口, 我们 R 中经验丰富的项目经理&D部门, 为MOKOSMART带来丰富的经验, 曾担任比亚迪项目工程师. 他在 R 方面的专业知识&D 为他的物联网项目管理带来了全面的技能. 有着扎实的背景跨越 6 多年项目管理经验并获得 PMP 和 CSPM-2 等认证, 尼克擅长协调销售工作, 工程, 测试, 和营销团队. 参与过的物联网设备项目包括Beacons, LoRa设备, 网关, 和智能插头.
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